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Napoli, which means “new city”, is the capital of the Italian Campania Region and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Roma and Milan. Around one million people live within the city’s administrative limits, and in all the Metropolitan City of Napoli, population is about three million. Napoli is the 9th most populous urban area in the European Union and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world since the Neolithic Age. The city was refounded by Greek as Neápolis in the sixth century BC, becaming a milestone in Magna Graecia, and remained influential also after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, as the capital city of the Kingdom of Napoli between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, in union with Sicily, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. Napoli was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II. The Hosting City: Napoli 7 Much of the city’s 20th-century periphery was constructed during reconstruction efforts after World War II. In recent decades, Napoli has developed an advanced transport infrastructure, including a high-speed rail link to Roma and Salerno, and an expanded subway network. The city has experienced significant economic growth in recent decades, and unemployment levels in the city and surrounding Campania have decreased since 1999. The port of Napoli is one of the most important in Europe, and has the world’s second-highest level of passenger flow, after the port of Hong Kong. The city also hosts NATO’s Allied Joint Force Command Napoli, the SRM Institution for Economic Research and is a full member of the Eurocities network of European cities. The city was selected to become the headquarters of the European institution ACP/UE and was named a City of Literature by UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network. The historic city centre is the largest in Europe, covering 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres) and embraces 27 centuries of history, and is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Napoli has long been a major cultural centre with a global sphere of influence, particularly during the Renaissance and Enlightenment eras. In the immediate vicinity of Napoli are numerous culturally and historically significant sites, including the Royal Palace of Caserta and the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Napoli is a major national and international tourist destination, being one of Italy and Europe’s top tourist cities. Tourists began visiting Napoli in the 18th century, during the Grand Tour. In terms of international arrivals, Napoli is among the most-visited cities in the world. In the last few years Napoli has become one of the favourite destinations for all those Italian and foreign tourists who love spending their holidays in cities of artistic interest. Unlike cities in which art is stored in museums, Napoli’s distinctive trademark is its folklore: culture is very much daily life happening on the streets, with people living and working among the artistic beauties of the city. 8 Tourism has become a key factor in the city’s economy. Buildings, churches, streets, ancient fortresses and castles in the sea, as well as natural caves and places impregnated with mystery and mysticism, all go to make Napoli unforgettable in the minds of travellers. In Napoli initiatives and projects are promoted for Accessible Tourism, creating “tourist and cultural itineraries for people with disabilities”. By “Accessible Tourism” the Peepul Association means “Tourism for EveryOne”, in other words, a tourism for those who suffer from motor, sensory and cognitive disabilities, for all those people with special needs, for the elderly and those who have to follow special diets. By “Tourism for EveryOne” we mean any urban and suburban itinerary of everyday convenience or place of historical, cultural and touristic interest. These itineraries are made possible thanks to special carers trained to help people with any type of disability. More information about the city of Napoli, its facilities and its hospitality services can be obtained from the website of the municipality of Napoli (www.comune.napoli.it)

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