Napoli is the largest city in southern Italy and is connected to the rest of Italy and to foreign countries through a broad network of communications.
Napoli International Airport, called Aeroporto Capodichino, is located 7.5 Km north of Napoli. Buses with stops at Piazza Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio are frequent. Taxis are available outside the arrivals hall. It is the largest airport in southern Italy, with around 140 national and international flights arriving or departing daily (www.aeroportodinapoli.it).
The city’s main railway station is Napoli Centrale, located in Piazza Garibaldi. Other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei and Napoli Mergellina. Napoli’ streets are notoriously narrow (it was the first city in the world to set up a pedestrian one-way street), so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit. Since 2007, Napoli has been connected to the main Italian cities by a high-speed railway run by Treno Alta Velocità, with trains running at almost 300 km/h (186 mph), reducing the journey time to about 1 hour to Roma, less than 3 hours to Firenze and about 4 and half hours to Milano (www.trenitalia.comwww.italotreno.it).
The port of Napoli runs several public ferry, hydrofoil and SWATH catamaran services, linking numerous locations in both the Neapolitan province, including Capri, Ischia and Sorrento, and the Salerno province, including Salerno, Positano and Amalfi. Services are also available to destinations further afield, such as Sicily, Sardinia, Ponza and the Aeolian Islands. The port serves over 6 million local passengers annually, plus a further 1 million international cruise liner passengers. A regional hydrofoil transport service, the “Metropolitana del Mare”, runs annually from July to September.
Napoli is served by several major motorways (it: autostrada; www.aiscat.it). The Autostrada A1, the longest motorway in Italy, links Napoli to Milan. The A3 runs southwards from Napoli to Salerno, where the motorway to Reggio Calabria begins, while the A16 runs east to Bari. The A16 is nicknamed the autostrada dei Due Mari (“Motorway of the Two Seas”) because it connects the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Adriatic Sea.
Napoli has an extensive public transport network, including trams, buses, funiculars and trolleybuses, most of which are operated by the municipally owned company Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (ANM; www.anm.it). Three public elevators are in operation in the city – one within the bridge of Chiaia, one in via Acton and one near the Sanità Bridge. In the city furthermore operates the Napoli Metro, an underground rapid transit railway system which integrates both surface railway lines and the city’s metro stations, many of which are noted for their decorative architecture and public art. Suburban rail services are provided by Trenitalia, Circumvesuviana, Ferrovia Cumana and Metronapoli.