The Cities and Volcanoes Commission of IAVCEI aims to provide a linkage between the volcanology community and emergency managers, to serve as a conduit for exchange of ideas and experience between “volcano cities”, and to promote multi-disciplinary applied research, involving the collaboration of physical and social scientists and city officials. The Commission selected Napoli as the venue for the Cities on Volcanoes Conference in 2018. The Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), in collaboration with the Associazione Italiana di Vulcanologia (AIV), Dipartimento della Protezione Civile (DPC), Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio, Regione Campania, Comune di Napoli and the Università di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’Ambiente e delle Risorse (DISTAR), invite to partecipate at the 10th edition of Cities on Volcanoes (CoV10) to be held on 2 – 7 September in the city of Napoli, Italy. The title of COV 10 is “Millennia of Stratification between Human Life and Volcanoes: strategies for coexistence” and intends to focus the attention of the Conference on the inherent resilience of human societies to volcanic risk, as millennia of coexistence with volcanoes prove that volcanic environments are fundamentally perceived as resources. At the same time, building and strengthening this resilience in modern and complex societies exposed to volcanic risk, especially on volcanoes with long periods of dormancy where risk is poorly perceived, is a great challenge.